Church bells are the most historic sound many of us ever hear.
We can help you make sure your church bells keep ringing for a long time into the future.
Looking after your bells
Looking after your bells and bell frames is a specialist job. You should hire an experienced bell hanger or founder.
The code helps keep bells in use in a way that preserves their historic importance. And it helps you understand the bells that you have and think about what to do with them.
If you think your church’s bells are affecting the structure of the tower, consult a professional bell hanger or structural engineer for advice. And don’t forget to tell your architect.
What permissions do you need?
If you are planning to do any work to your bells, including maintenance, you will need to apply for permission.
In most cases, you will need a faculty.
In the Faculty Jurisdiction Rules 2015, this means that if a bell is set up for full circle ringing, it has to be in a fit condition for that.
If a bell is set up for chiming, it has to be in a fit condition to be chimed using the existing mechanism.
It is given its ordinary English meaning, rather than a technical meaning. So you should always understand it in context.
Works on List A allow for the routine maintenance and inspection of bells that are:
- In regular use
- Where there is a tower captain, or other person, with sufficient skills and knowledge
- To make sure everything is done with due regard to health and safety and the protection of historically significant parts of the installation
List A is not appropriate for work when a bell needs to be lifted from its bearings or for making alterations to an installation.
Works on List A can be done without a faculty and without informing your archdeacon.
But if are unsure, contact your them for advice.
Works on List B are mainly for bells in regular use.
The works should only be done by someone with sufficient skills and knowledge to do so and with due regard to health and safety and the protection of historically significant parts of the installation.
List B cannot be used for works that:
- Require the removal of the bell from the belfry
- Involve drilling
- Would make a lasting change to the bell
You will need your archdeacon’s permission to do works on List B.
Listed bells and bell frames
Bells and bell frames we think are worth preserving are often called listed.
The Church Buildings Council uses these criteria to decide if a bell or frame should be listed.
- All bells older than 1600
- Good quality bells from 1600 to 1750
- Bells with special decoration
- Rare bells
- Bells in a group of 4 or more
- Outstanding quality bells from 1750 to 1850
- Significant examples of technical innovation after 1851
- Before 1599; still has a lot of original work
- Post 1600; good quality and structurally complete
- Post 1600; where the date and maker is known
- Post 1600; frame shows technical innovation
- Post 1600; frame shows unusual features
If you think a bell or frame should be listed, please contact our general enquiries.
Assess the significance and record your bell frames
Before doing any work to your bells or bell frames, you have to:
Hire a specialist to help you find out if they are of high historic interest or of little interest.
Together, you can:
A statement of significance contains:
- A summary of the history and evolution of the church as a whole
- What is known about the bell frame and its relationship to the church
- An estimate of the frame’s significance
It will help you determine if the bell frame is of local, regional or national significance.
Find out more about statements of significance
There are three different levels of recording. Choosing the one that is right for you depends on:
- The significance of your bell frame
- The type of work you’re proposing
- The extent of the work you’re proposing
A Level 1 record is essentially visual in nature, supplementing the written content of the appraisal, and is suitable for bell frames judged to be of local significance.
A Level 2 record is descriptive and analytical in nature, providing a reasoned and illustrated account of the origins, characteristics and development of the bell frame. It is appropriate for frames judged to be of regional significance.
A Level 3 record involves a more searching historical analysis and a wider assessment of the context and significance of the bell frame. It will normally be reserved for frames of national significance.
Include drawings and photographs with your written information.
A level 2 and 3 report should be prepared by someone with a good understanding of bell frames, bells and belfries (e.g. building archaeologist).
The full report should be written in a way that makes it easily understandable to non-specialists. Keep in mind that this might become the only record of the frame.
Noise complaints and the law
You should be aware of your rights and responsibilities under the law in case someone complains about the ringing of your church’s bells or clock bell.
Read the advice of the Legal Advisory Commission of the General Synod
Canon F8 of the Church of England says that every church will be given at least one bell to ring the people to service.
The incumbent and the churchwarden both control the ringing of the bells. But no bell should be rung against the incumbent’s direction.
Ringing bells is a custom. There is no right to do so.
Common law says that making unreasonable noise is actionable as a nuisance.
Ask yourself if you are interfering with someone’s right to enjoy their property (e.g. ringing incessantly or at times which most people think is unreasonable). If you are, then damages may be recoverable or an injunction gained in the civil courts.
This is rare.
Short periods of bell ringing for public worship or weddings would not be actionable.
Under section 79 of the Act, any noise that is harmful to people’s health, is a nuisance, or interferes excessively with the comfort and convenience of neighbours could be prosecuted in the magistrate’s court.
Who can take action?
Anyone whose enjoyment of their property is being affected.
The courts will consider:
- How close the property is to the church
- And if the person just recently moved into the area knowing there was a church nearby
How to avoid complaints
- Ring regularly at known times
- Fix a pattern for additional ringing (e.g. weddings, visitors, meetings, etc.)
- Be considerate of your neighbours
- Publicise special ringing events
- Maintain good striking
- Hold open days to make people aware of ringing and the ringers
- Be reasonable
Dealing with complaints
If someone makes a complaint:
1. Respond politely and quickly
- Be reasonable and try to reach a friendly solution from the start
- Be prepared to change your ringing pattern to reach a compromise
- Discuss the problem face to face and invite the person to watch the ringing and meet the ringers
- Explain why and when the bells are usually rung. And for how long
- Make sure the clergy, wardens and ringers all work together
- Appoint one spokesperson to avoid confusion
- Take the environmental health officer seriously
2. Keep a written record of complaints and any action taken
3. Seek experienced help
Advice for closing churches
If your church is closing, you may need to apply for permission to remove and store the bells. Some organisations will even help you find them a new home.
You should try and preserve them whenever possible and not sell them as scrap except as a last resort.
Find out more about furnishings no longer needed for worship